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For many women, giving birth is one of the happiest times of their lives. It’s estimated that there are around 700,000 successful births in the UK every year.

Thankfully, the vast majority of pregnancies and births happen without any problems at all; however, when something does go wrong it can be very serious. Accidents, incompetency and medical negligence can happen and when they do, the effects can be traumatic for everybody involved, particularly close family. Around seven out of every 1000 babies born will suffer an injury during the birth process.

Why Claim?

Complications with delivery, medical inefficiencies, staffing issues or NHS funding problems can threaten the safety of mother and baby before, during and after the birth. Birth accidents can affect either the baby or the mother and often have serious implications for the health of both.

The birth of a new baby is a very special time for the whole family. If things go wrong during the pregnancy or the birth, the effects can be devastating. If mother or baby is harmed due to medical negligence or clinical negligence, a claim for personal injury compensation may be possible.

When we say “birth injuries” we mean any injury suffered by mother or baby.


Injuries Affecting Mothers

Birth Injuries Affecting Mothers

Many birth injuries that occur in mothers or children are a direct result of unnecessary hospital practices and birth malpractice. Negligent doctors performing unnecessary caesarean sections (C-sections) increase the chance of reproductive damage in the mother and birth defects in the newborn. What’s more, epidurals can weaken contractions and carry the risk of paralysis.

The main birth injuries that can affect the mother include vaginal tears, fissures, incorrect suturing (sewing) following an episiotomy or a Caesarean, failure to manage pre-eclampsia and infections:

  • Vaginal tears – A vaginal tear is a rip in the skin and muscle on or near the vagina, usually in the perineum – the area between the anus and the vagina. This birth injury often occurs during the birthing process, especially if the baby’s head is very large, if the baby is in the breech position (feet first) or if the mother is having difficulty controlling the way she pushes the baby out.
  • Fissures – An anal fissure is a tear in the skin around the anus. However, compared with a tear, a fissure is much more painful. Birth accident fissures are connected with over-straining and excess pressure.
  • Episiotomy – An episiotomy is a surgical incision made through the perineum to enlarge the vagina and assist childbirth. Many children are born with the aid of an episiotomy; when complications occur or suturing is carried out incorrectly, this can result in excessive bleeding, life-threatening infections, or rectal problems.
  • Caesarean – Caesarean sections are usually carried out if a baby is in a breech position or if a vaginal birth is not possible, although sometimes a mother may elect in advance to give birth in this way. The procedure involves making an incision in the mother’s abdominal wall and then through the wall of the uterus. A Caesarean carries with it a risk of excessive bleeding and uterine infections.
  • Pre-eclampsia – Pre-eclampsia only occurs during pregnancy. The main symptoms of pre-eclampsia are high blood pressure and protein in the urine. However, swelling, weight gain, headaches and a change in vision can also occur. Failure to manage pre-eclampsia can result in death or serious injury to both mother and baby.
  • Infections – Infections at birth can be extremely serious and, if they aren’t treated immediately, can result in a longer stay in hospital.  The most important way to reduce hospital infection is for doctors and other medical staff to regularly wash their hands, especially in between treating patients.
  • Other common mistakes which can cause injuries to the mother include delays in performing Caesareans, miscalculating the baby’s size and therefore not delivering the baby in the appropriate way, incorrect delivery of the baby and delivering the baby in an excessively forceful way that causes trauma.

Potential Complications

Potential complications of using anaesthetics

In some cases, the pain relief given to the mother during after an episiotomy or Caesarean may wear off and further doses are not sufficiently effective. This can result in a great deal of pain and discomfort and is known as anaesthetic awareness.

Although the use of a general anaesthetic during or just after childbirth is not normal practice, it is sometimes used if a woman does not want to be conscious when she gives birth or if suturing is too painful.

However, problems can occur if there is difficulty inserting the breathing tube after sleep drugs have been administered, as this leads to a lack of oxygen to the brain. Pregnant women have smaller lungs and use up oxygen more quickly so they are at greater risk.


Injuries Affecting Babies

Birth Injuries Affecting Babies

A baby’s body is extremely sensitive and vulnerable at birth. Trauma during a birth accident to any area of the body, especially the head and neck, can have serious consequences and be extremely distressing for the baby and its parents.

Many children sadly do have a bad birthing experience and problems resulting from medical negligence or complications during childbirth.

Babies have ‘soft spots’ – areas on the top of the head where the bones of the skull haven’t yet joined. The skull develops slowly in small pieces while the baby is still in the womb and looks like several bones that will eventually meet rather than just one bone. Some bones do meet and fuse before the baby is born, whilst others do so after birth to allow room for the brain’s speedy growth in the first year. There are often several soft spots at birth and these areas of the head are very sensitive. Forceful or incorrect use of forceps by the attending obstetrician can cause serious damage in these soft spots.


Complications During Birth

Complications arising during birth

Some of the most common birth complications that can affect the welfare of a baby include:

  • Cerebral palsy
  • Erb’s palsy
  • Facial palsy
  • Brachial plexus palsy
  • Umbilical cord complications
  • Fractures
  • Brain damage
  • Eye infections
  • Scarring
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Neonatal hypoglycemia
  • Skin irritations
  • Claiming birth injury compensation
  • Anything that affects your baby because of a birth accident is extremely upsetting for everybody involved and can have serious long-term consequences for your child’s health.

Birth injury claims

If your baby has suffered a birth injury and has experienced one of the conditions mentioned above and you want to seek compensation, contact a First Personal Injury lawyer today.

In the UK, medical malpractice and the issue of liability comes under the category of ‘professional negligence’. An attending doctor will be deemed liable unless it can be proved that they acted in accordance with a body of medical opinion on the subject of births and delivery.

The medical profession has a ‘duty of care’ towards their patients. This means that they are responsible for carrying out procedures with due diligence and in the proper manner. If they fail to do so and their patient suffers, the patient or their family could pursue a birth injury claim against the staff member(s) involved.


Compensation Accident Claims

Compensation Accident Claims

If you or someone you know has been in an accident that wasn’t their fault they may be entitled to compensation. First Personal Injury’s personal injury solicitors are here to help you with your potential compensation injury claims.

Start your claim here

Make a claim now by calling 0800 808 9740 or

Making Personal Injury Claims

If you’ve had a personal injury, you may be entitled to compensation. The solicitors at First Personal Injury are on hand to assist you and help you win the compensation you’re entitled to.

Contact First Personal Injury today to make an accident or injury claim for compensation. Get in touch by ringing the number above or by filling out our online form.


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